The ruins of Potsdamer Platz, Berlin, 1945.

The ruins of Potsdamer Platz, Berlin, 1945.

Pariser Platz and the Brandenburg Gate, Berlin early June 1945.

Pariser Platz and the Brandenburg Gate, Berlin early June 1945.

"Where one burns books, one will, in the end, burn people."

Hienrich Heine, German-Jewish poet.

Stahlhelm members after their incorporation into the SA, 1934

Stahlhelm members after their incorporation into the SA, 1934

The first German troops to return from the conquests of Poland and France march through the Brandenburg Gate in Berlin, July 1940.

The first German troops to return from the conquests of Poland and France march through the Brandenburg Gate in Berlin, July 1940.

Adolf Hitler rides in a motorcade through the Brandenburg Gate to the opening ceremonies of the 11th Olympiad in Berlin, 1936.

Adolf Hitler rides in a motorcade through the Brandenburg Gate to the opening ceremonies of the 11th Olympiad in Berlin, 1936.

The public burning of “un-German” books by members of the SA and university students on the Opernplatz in Berlin, 1933. 

The public burning of “un-German” books by members of the SA and university students on the Opernplatz in Berlin, 1933. 

Students carrying Nazi flags march around the bonfire of “un-German” books on the Opernplatz in Berlin, 1933.

Students carrying Nazi flags march around the bonfire of “un-German” books on the Opernplatz in Berlin, 1933.

An United States Army Air Force Boeing B-17G flies over Berlin during a bombing raid. Berlin’s Tiergarten can be seen in the upper left corner. May 1944.

An United States Army Air Force Boeing B-17G flies over Berlin during a bombing raid. Berlin’s Tiergarten can be seen in the upper left corner. May 1944.

A 1933 advertisement for Nazi uniforms made by luxury fashion label and Nazi party member, Hugo Boss.

A 1933 advertisement for Nazi uniforms made by luxury fashion label and Nazi party member, Hugo Boss.

An anti-Nazi poster on display in Russia, 1943.

An anti-Nazi poster on display in Russia, 1943.

Adolf Hitler and Joseph Goebbels tour the House of German Art with Prof. Troost, president of the Academy of Fine Arts and Adolf Ziegler, (Bundesarchiv) 1937.

Adolf Hitler and Joseph Goebbels tour the House of German Art with Prof. Troost, president of the Academy of Fine Arts and Adolf Ziegler, (Bundesarchiv) 1937.

Adolf Hitler and Adolf Ziegler, Hitler’s favourite painter, inspect the installation by Willrich and Hansen of the Degenerate Art Show, Munich 1937.

Adolf Hitler and Adolf Ziegler, Hitler’s favourite painter, inspect the installation by Willrich and Hansen of the Degenerate Art Show, Munich 1937.

The Reichstag after its capture by the Soviet troops in 3 June 1945 and modern day reconstruction, 2013.

The Liepāja massacres, Libau, Latvia, Dec 1941. Following the execution of gypsies, jews and the mentally ill by the Einsatzgruppen, the SD and Latvian militia and auxilliary police, a ‘kicker’ walks across the mass graves.

The Liepāja massacres, Libau, Latvia, Dec 1941. Following the execution of gypsies, jews and the mentally ill by the Einsatzgruppen, the SD and Latvian militia and auxilliary police, a ‘kicker’ walks across the mass graves.